Share on Pinterest Six Nations 2019 Read more Itoje limped out of England’s 32-20 victory against Ireland on Saturday with a knee injury and was on crutches during his side’s post-match celebrations. England do not convene to begin preparations to face France on Sunday until Tuesday and Itoje will be assessed between now and then. It is highly unlikely he will be available to face France however, with Eddie Jones stating after the match he thought Itoje had sustained medial ligament damage. When Itoje suffered the injury, the referee, Jérôme Garcès, could be heard saying: “I think he’s broken his leg.”If Jones’s early prognosis is correct, Itoje – who has endured a recent spell on the sidelines with a separate knee injury – may miss the rest of the tournament considering Joe Cokanasiga has not played since suffering medial ligament damage in December. “He’s going to be the best lock in the world so it’s a big loss,” said Jones. “But we’ve got good depth. We’ve got Joe Launchbury ready to come back in, you saw Courtney [Lawes] come off the bench for us. We’ll have to fill his spot and guys will just to work that bit harder to cover his gap for how long he is out for.” Share on Facebook England rugby union team Six Nations Meanwhile, Tuilagi’s shoulder charge on Stockdale at a first-half ruck went unpunished but could land him in hot water. The citing commissioner Jeff Mark has until 48 hours after the match in which to cite any incidents so Tuilagi, who impressed in his first Six Nations start for six years, will learn his fate on Monday. Topics Share on Messenger Manu Tuilagi Support The Guardian The Breakdown: sign up and get our weekly rugby union email. Reuse this content Ireland rugby union team Since you’re here… Maro Itoje news Share on LinkedIn … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay. Whether we are up close or further away, the Guardian brings our readers a global perspective on the most critical issues of our lifetimes – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. We believe complex stories need context in order for us to truly understand them. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Share via Email Share on WhatsApp England are sweating on the fitness of Maro Itoje amid concerns he could be ruled out for the rest of the Six Nations tournament, while Manu Tuilagi also faces an anxious wait to learn if he will be sanctioned for a dangerous clear‑out on Ireland’s Jacob Stockdale. Henry Slade scores twice as England stun Ireland in Six Nations Share on Twitter Rugby union
Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The chain e-mail originated sometime in 2002, and claimed to be a petition to organize opposition to the impending US-Iraq war. Tens of thousands of people signed their names to several hundred copies of the petition, with some copies appearing on Web archives. Like most Internet chain letters, the petition had its origins in a hoax, but its widespread dissemination is one of the few instances of a single piece of traceable information spreading on a global scale.“Given the many ways in which information, news, and new ideas are constantly spreading through our social networks, it’s surprising how difficult it is to collect data on the ways in which this spreading happens,” researchers David Liben-Nowell and Jon Kleinberg told PhysOrg.com. “Data from chain-letter petitions lets us look at processes that are otherwise essentially invisible, and begin to formulate theories for the patterns we observe.”Liben-Nowell and Kleinberg are computer scientists from Carleton College and Cornell University, respectively. The duo used online search engines to collect copies of the signed petitions that were posted on numerous Web sites. When they analyzed the 20,000 names on the 637 lists they found, and removed various “mutations,” they discovered some surprising patterns. Contrary to predictions that large-scale information spreads exponentially, like an explosive epidemic, the researchers found that the letter did not reach a large number of individuals in a few steps. Rather, it took hundreds of steps of people forwarding the e-mail on to reach the 20,000 who signed the found copies. As the researchers explain, this pattern suggests that the mechanics of a single piece of information spreading on a global scale is more complex than originally thought. Some of their results, which appear in a recent issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveal that people who forwarded the letter generally forwarded it to large numbers of other individuals. By contrast, most senders (94%) produced just one “daughter” that signed the letter. In other words, it seemed that most people ignored the e-mail. Citation: Chain letters reveal surprising circulation patterns (2008, April 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-04-chain-letters-reveal-circulation-patterns.html A chain letter hoax that fooled thousands of people may help computer scientists understand how information spreads on a global scale. The final result was a “tree” of nodes and connections that was long and thin, not one that funneled out as in the case of rapidly spreading information. Gossip in smaller communities may fan out quickly, but – as the new study shows – such a pattern changes with scale. This large-scale spreading of information is a rare case, since most circulated e-mail messages never reach such a large number of recipients.“A natural assumption going into this study was that information would spread explosively, reaching many people in only a few steps,” said Liben-Nowell and Kleinberg. “Instead, a much more complex picture emerges, with the chain letter following longer, narrower paths. After this initial surprise, we eventually found possible ways to reconcile the deep, narrow structures we observed with the facts we knew about human social networks.”A couple things that might explain the pattern include individuals “forwarding” the petition to the same group of e-mail addresses copied on the e-mail they received (“replying to all”). Individuals who received the petition more than once typically only signed one of them, leaving others as dead ends. Also, individuals in the same network might have tried to all sign the same petition, and keep forwarding it to each other rather then adding their names to different lists – which produces the observed “single daughter” characteristic.Understanding how a single piece of information spreads on a large scale may have applications in a variety of areas, such as word-of-mouth marketing and investigating the spreading of technological innovations, news, and opinions. Contrary to spreading explosively, information traveling on large scales seems to be quite fragile, with many opportunities for getting lost. The pattern might hold true for different kinds of information spreading, as well.“We expect this kind of pattern would show up in certain other settings, but it’s an open question how general it is,” the researchers said. “For example, the other large-scale chain-letter for which we have data – a petition to support funding of National Public Radio – exhibits a spreading pattern that looks very similar. It’s natural to believe that jokes and news clippings on the Internet may well spread in similar ways, though there certainly could be differences in spreading patterns between information that is politically charged and information that is free of controversy.“Once we look more generally – say, at the spread of new technologies or new products by word-of-mouth, or the rise in name recognition of new celebrities or new political figures – it’s a fascinating open question to consider how diverse the different spreading patterns might be. But we expect that in all these cases, the spreading will likely have a structure that is more complex than simple models have suggested.” More information: Liben-Nowell, David, and Kleinberg, Jon. “Tracing information flow on a global scale using Internet chain-letter data.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, March 25, 2008, vol. 105, no. 12. 4633-4638.Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Medical researchers seek eradication of peste des petits ruminants disease
Footwear can make or break the entire look of your outfit. Before spending on footwear, it is always a wise decision for men to have an insight into the latest ongoing trends, says an expert.Here are a few tips on how to pair the right footwear with different outfits:* Leather boots in classic colours like black, brown and tan are sure to add a charm to your dashing looks when paired with classy leather jackets and overcoats.* Invariably, Oxfords and brogues are gaining wide popularity at workplaces. Oxfords can be the right choice for office meetings when teamed with formal shirts and trousers. On the other hand, get the desired look for cocktail parties by pairing a tuxedo with brogues in unusual tones of olive green, navy blue and burgundy. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf* Casual style and bright colours are a hot favourite amongst the college-goers. So when it comes to casuals, cool and funky colours like red, blue, yellow and mint green are quite in trend these days. For night parties to casual meetings, pair vibrant coloured slip-ons or sneakers with crisp shirt and trousers or chinos.* Loafers are timeless. Ranging from hand painted to suede leather, this style of footwear is for ultra-fashionable men with refined tastes. This range of footwear is smart, a perfect choice for daily wear and are a great match for chinos, jeans or any casual trouser paired with a t-shirt or casual shirts or sweatshirts. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive* Moccasins are more semi-formal as compared to loafers. Therefore, they can be best teamed up with formal trousers and chinos. Pair them with brown chinos and blue jacket for a classic Friday office look. * Experimenting with different styles has been a forte with the youngsters. A variety of different footwear styles are noticed in today’s fashion market. One such style is plimsolls which has recently entered Indian markets and flooded them with its versatility. *Opt for wide-ranging plimsolls and pair them with denims and subtle coloured sweaters. IANS
Kolkata: State government employees in the state have reasons to cheer with Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announcing on Thursday that Dearness Allowance (DA) arrears of all government employees will be cleared by this month. The total DA of the employees will be 125 percent of their basic pay.”The DA arrears will be cleared by this month,” Banerjee said while addressing a public distribution programme at Ilambazar in Birbhum. The Chief Minister has kept her promise that she had made on June 19, 2018, when she had announced 25 percent additional Dearness Allowance (DA) for the state government employees with the merger of 10 percent interim relief. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeShe had also stated that it will be effective from January 2019 and the total DA of the employees will be 125 percent. It is 90 percent more than what it was till the end of the Left Front period. “We have to pay around Rs 48,000 crore every year to the Centre due to the huge debt burden left upon us by the erstwhile Left Front government, but the Chief Minister has taken up so many projects for the benefit of common people and is continuing to do so,” a senior official of the state government said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe release of the DA will cost Rs 5,000 crore to the state’s exchequer every year. The DA recipients will also include teachers and non-teaching staff of educational institutions and employees of rural and urban local bodies. Sanket Chakraborty, general secretary of the State Steering Committee, congratulated the Chief Minister for providing the benefit. It may be mentioned that the gap between the Centre and Bengal with regards to DA had been 48 percent. Now, with the state government allocating 25 percent more DA, the difference will come down to 23 percent. The organisation of Trinamool Congress state government employees – Rajya Sarkari Karmachari Federation (RSKF), claimed that the state government’s move comes as a New Year gift for the employees. “We want the state government to bring out a fresh notification in this regard to clear any doubts or allegations from other unions,” said Manoj Chakraborty, convener of RSKF. It may be mentioned that Banerjee had addressed a programme of the RSKF in September 2017 at Nazrul Manch, where she had assured that the demand of the state government employees will be looked into with priority.
Kolkata: The Trinamool Congress has set an example before all the other political parties in the country regarding how to conduct a rally where almost half-a-crore people are expected to take part with clock-like precision.The state administration is looking after the security arrangements and overseeing the construction of the main stage and four other stages at the Brigade Parade Ground. The party leaders are running a parallel administration to ensure that TMC workers who have come to attend the rally from the districts do not face any inconvenience. Also Read – 3 injured, flight, train services hit as rains lash BengalDespite her busy schedule, Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee is keeping a tab on each and every arrangement. She had visited the Brigade Parade Ground on Thursday to take stock of the security arrangements. Thousands of party workers have come to Kolkata from far off districts including Alipurduar, Cooch Behar, South and North Dinajpur respectively. As soon as the party workers reach Sealdah Station, they will be ferried to Central Park where 50 camps have been set up. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedA dedicated corridor has been prepared for the VVIPs from the hotel to the venue. The camps have bio-toilets, medical camps and the visitors are being served food as well. Sujit Bose, minister of state for Fire and Emergency Services, who is looking after the camp said no compromise has been made with the cooking medium. The medical camps have been manned by doctors and medicines for indigestion, loose motion, pain and common cough and cold have been provided. The Trinamool supporters have been put up at Gitanjali Stadium and Uttirno. In Howrah, they have been put up at the stadium where state Cooperation minister Arup Roy and Minister of State for Sports and Youth Affairs Lakshmi Ratan Shukla are looking after the make-shift kitchen. Roy said: “Fifty thousand party workers are staying at the stadium. We are looking after them and quality food is being served.” Jyotipriya Mallick, the state Food minister added: “We are not only welcoming our party workers but we will be there at Sealdah and Howrah stations to see them off too.” Senior party leaders including ministers and MPs were deployed to welcome the national leaders who started arriving on Friday afternoon. Subrata Mukherjee went to the airport to receive former Prime Minister H D Deve Gowda. Saugata Roy was there to welcome Sharad Pawar while Shatabdi Roy welcomed BJP MP Shatrughan Sinha. Binay Tamang, president of the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) and Anit Thapa, general secretary, GJM, will be sharing the stage with Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee at the Brigade Parade Ground on Saturday. “BJP has betrayed the Gorkhas. They have played with our sentiments. Our presence at the Brigade Parade Ground will be a befitting answer to the saffron camp,” stated Tamang. Relations between the GJM and the BJP got strained over issues including a separate state. The BJP’s silence during the 105-day bandh in Darjeeling in 2017 and inclusion of 11 Gorkha sub-communities in the Scheduled Tribe list despite Darjeeling having a BJP Member of Parliament has also contributed to the alienation.
Sci-Fi fans: Here’s the irresistible invitation to play with fire you’ve been waiting for. Meet Pyro, literally the hottest wearable on the market right now. It’s a wrist-worn gadget that lets you shoot fireballs from your hand.We repeat: It lets you shoot balls of fire from your hand. Real, hot, dangerous — and dangerously magnificent — burning balls of fire. The kind Mom said never to play with.Related: A ‘Smart’ Belt Automatically Adjusts to Keep Your Pants UpStrapped onto your mere mortal wrist, Pyro blasts balls of fire up to 30-feet into the air, almost as awesomely as fire-bending Zuko on Avatar: The Last Airbender.Sound too cool to be true? Check out the highly stylized promotional video:You’d think this would go without saying, but, before you get too excited, you should know that Pyro is not a plaything. In the words of its inventor, veteran New Hampshire-based magician Adam Wilber: “This is not a toy. This is a badass professional device that allows you to launch fireballs from your open palm.” Indeed, pro illusionists are who this $174 wearable is specifically targeted to.The somewhat bulky Pyro wrist cuff (which looks a bit like a parolee anklet) contours to the underside of the brave wearer’s wrist. A notched fastener strap allows the unit to be tucked up your sleeve, while “keeping it out of the way of the flaming shots.” Oh, good.Related: Why This Entrepreneur Dreams of Living on MarsSimply push the matchbook-sized remote control trigger, held in your other hand and — boom — goodness, gracious, great balls of fire!Image credit: PyroYou can fire off four fireballs before reloading. How it works: Specially treated, highly flammable cotton and paper packs come with the Pyro wristband, which houses a quartet of individually triggered barrels. When the remote control trigger is activated, the cotton and paper come into contact with a heated “glowplug” inside of the device, igniting them. Pressing the remote a second time shoots the fireballs out, one by one.Pyro fireball blasters are available for purchase (for those 18 and older) over at Ellusionist, an online magic supply retailer. Now what was that you said, Mom, about not playing with fire?Image credit: PyroRelated: Look Ma, No Hands: Drones You Can Pilot With Your Mind 3 min read Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now March 12, 2015 This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Free