Touch Football Australia (TFA) National Representative Teams and squads were involved in a series of camps and events around the Country on the weekend that led to widespread media coverage and massive promotional exposure for the code on a National scale.TFA fielded an Australian Women’s Invitational Team in the Harvey Norman Beach Footy Series at Sydney’s Maroubra beach on the 16-17 December 2006.The event featured six elite teams battling it out for $100,000 in prize money for their choosen charity.Four of the teams – The Blues, the Maroons, the Pacific Islanders, and the Young Guns comprised wall to wall National Rugby League superstars, whilst the Australian Women’s Invitational Beach Footy team, and a Celebrity Team headlined by Andrew Johns, and Anthony Mundine completed the stellar field.The event received massive media exposure in print, radio, and television mediums through broadcast partners Channel Nine, News Limited, and Nova FM, and the Women’s Beach Footy Team were featured prominantly.Among the media exposure TFA received was the front page story of a four page Beach Footy liftout in Sydney’s Daily Telegraph on Friday, live radio interviews with Women’s players and updates on Nova FM, and 2UE, exposure on several National network news bulletins, and Channel Ten’s Sports Tonight.Channel Nine taped the Beach Footy Series and it will be aired in late February/ early March in the lead-up to the NRL season kick-off.The Australian Men’s Open Team travelled to Rockhampton for their final training camp of their 2007 World Cup campaign and enjoyed saturation exposure from the local media.The Touch Football loving town rolled out the red carpet for Tony Trad’s men and the 3 game series against a Central Queensland combination that featured Rugby League superstar Benji Marshall turning out as an Invitational player for Central Queensland in the last game, received daily print and television coverage in the region.To cap off an exciting time promotionally for the sport, the Australian Open Women’s Team were featured on Channel Ten’s Sports Tonight program Sunday evening in an excellent piece on their record as arguably Australia’s most successful National Women’s sporting Team.The Aussie girls have won 45 World Cup games straight in a 19 year unblemished run in World Cup competition.A further piece on the Australian Men’s Open Team will be featured on Sports Tonight before all seven teams depart Australia’s shores bound for Stellenbosch, South Africa on January 13 2007.There will be media stories circulating in the lead-up to the World Cup on Australian representative players and Teams so keep your eyes peeled for World Cup stories around the nation in coming weeks.
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Barcelona coach Valverde coy over plans for Chelsea striker Morataby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveBarcelona coach Ernesto Valverde is coy over talk of a move for Chelsea striker Alvaro Morata this week.Chelsea head coach Maurizio Sarri fuelled speculation Morata could be set to depart Stamford Bridge when he told reporters on Friday: “If Morata will go to another club we will need a replacement.”Valverde was coy on Barcelona’s reported interest in the Spain international when he was asked directly about Morata ahead of Sunday’s visit of Eibar.”I can only say the same thing,” Valverde said. “That he’s a great player, that he’s at another team and that we respect that a lot.”
Semedo hails Barcelona fight-back to defeat Inter Milanby Carlos Volcano23 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveNelson Semedo hailed Barcelona’s fight-back for their Champions League win over Inter Milan.Luis Suarez struck twice in the 2-1 victory.”We were strong enough to turn the result around,” said the Portuguese full-back. On Luis Suarez and Leo Messi, who scored or created the goals, he added: “They are two players who make the difference.”He also praised Arturo Vidal, who crossed for Suarez’s opener.”Arturo Vidal was really good, we’re used to the fight he gives and he was key in the team’s comeback.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say
This past Sunday night, Louisville took down Northern Iowa to reach its fourth straight Sweet 16. Senior Wayne Blackshear also became the first Cardinals player in school history to play for four straight squads that reached the second weekend of the NCAA Tournament. Tuesday morning, the school attempted to celebrate the accomplishment by posting the statistic to its Facebook page. Unfortunately, they screwed up and named Blackshear as the only player in NCAA Division One history to accomplish the feat. That isn’t even close to true, as dozens of players in college basketball history to have reached the Sweet 16 four straight times.Kentucky fans, predictably, are having a field day, claiming that the school is perpetuating a “lie.”…. “And the lie detector test determined….THAT was a lie!” @KySportsRadio pic.twitter.com/D1uwIpmGoJ— Jeremy Kemble (@IAM4UKWILDCATS) March 24, 2015UL Athletics sends out a blatant lie today http://t.co/ZTni2u97L9— Matt Jones (@KySportsRadio) March 24, 2015University of Louisville claims Wayne Blackshear is the first to appear in four Sweet 16 games. Kentucky has had seven players do that.— UK Cat Facts (@UK_CatFacts) March 24, 2015Regardless, Blackshear’s feat is quite impressive. Can we get a Kentucky vs. Louisville national championship game please?
APTN National NewsA Mohawk family living in Akwesasne is pushing to get the Ontario government to recognize traditional names.So far, the government has denied them.But they’re hoping that will change.APTN’s Annette Francis has the story.
FREDERICTON – Irving Oil says any New Brunswick carbon plan needs to allow the province’s businesses to remain competitive.Premier Brian Gallant’s government announced in Tuesday’s throne speech that his Liberal government would bring in carbon pricing that helps combat climate change.The premier says the pricing model will minimize the impact on consumers while calling on industry to reduce emissions or pay its fair share.In a statement sent to The Canadian Press, Irving Oil said 80 per cent of its production goes to the U.S., where its competitors face no carbon tax.Jeff Matthews, an executive from the firm, said in the release that the firm is “committed to working with all levels of government on a plan that protects the environment while also maintaining competitiveness for New Brunswick businesses.”He’s calling on the province to create a Made in New Brunswick carbon pricing model.
Patna: Actor-turned-politician Shatrughan Sinha, the sitting BJP MP from Patna Sahib who has been denied a ticket by the party this time, has accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi of treating party patriarch L K Advani in a “painful” and “shameful” manner.In a series of tweets on Saturday, Sinha claimed that the BJP’s decision to not give ticket to Advani, the sitting MP from Gandhinagar, and to field party president Amit Shah from the seat “has not gone down well” with many people. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM'”Sirji… it is worrisome, painful and according to some even shameful… that which your people have done was the most expected and awaited… orchestrating the departure of a most respected friend, philosopher, guide, father figure and ultimate leader of the party, Shri L K Advani from the political arena/election,” Sinha tweeted. Advani, 91, has served as Union home minister and deputy prime minister. He was also the national president of the BJP more than once. He is often credited with helping the party create a national footprint within a decade of its formation through active participation in the Ayodhya movement. In another tweet, Sinha deplored “the replacement of Mr Advani by none other than the man who is also the president of the party and whose image or personality is no match nor even a patch on him”. “This has been done intentionally and deliberately and not gone down well with the people of the country,” the rebel BJP leader claimed.
We’re inaugurating our NBA player projection system, CARMELO, with 2015-16 season previews for every team in the league. Check out the teams we’ve already previewed here. Learn more about CARMELO here. CARMELO is bullish on Kelly Olynyk, the 7-foot Canadian with flowing hair. So are the Celtics when he doesn’t hesitate with his shot and emerges as a floor-stretching weapon. CARMELO is not kind to Amir Johnson, who is typically an advanced stats darling. The Celtics signed Johnson for two years at $24 million because they believe he’ll give their defense a boost with pure hustle and an ability to help protect the rim. The Celtics love Jae Crowder’s intangibles and believe they got much more than a $35 million Jud Buechler in re-signing Crowder to a long-term deal this summer. Nate Robinson as the top comp? Is CARMELO making height jokes? (Even better, the Celtics traded away Robinson in 2011 as a throw-in to the Jeff Green/Kendrick Perkins deal.) It’s interesting that projections suggest that Isaiah Thomas will maintain his 2014 offensive impact, but regress defensively. The Celtics did a good job of masking Thomas’s defensive deficiencies by often putting versatile, defensive-minded players around him. Thomas was the main reason for Boston’s second-half surge last season, and he is the straw that stirs the drink. Somehow the “Swedish Larry Bird” nickname for Jonas Jerebko sounds a lot cooler than “Swedish Scott Padgett.” Here’s what is in store for the key Celtics players in 2015-16 (you can find Boston’s entire roster — and every other NBA player — here):You had Celtics fans at James Harden, CARMELO (and Paul George isn’t a comp Boston fans will sneeze at, either). OK, so Marcus Smart’s encouraging projections probably aren’t enough for Ainge to call off the hunt for an elite talent, but Smart, the No. 6 pick in the 2014 draft, is clearly Boston’s best hope for a homegrown star. He’s already a defensive menace, the question is whether he can confidently run an NBA offense. Jared Sullinger must prove he’s capable of staying healthy in what amounts to a contract year. The Boston Celtics didn’t just bring back 10 players from a second-half hot streak, they also added veteran big men David Lee and Amir Johnson to their roster. You’d have to be chugging the green Kool-Aid to expect Boston to maintain its second-half pace — the Celtics’ 24 wins in 36 games would put them at 55 wins (?!) on the season — but most fans do expect them to take another step forward after a 40-win season. For the first time in his brief NBA career, coach Brad Stevens will endure the burden of expectations, and that will start with getting this team back to the playoffs. Until GM Danny Ainge starts using the team’s surplus of future draft picks, Stevens will have to get there without an obvious superstar at the helm of his roster.Even without that superstar, FiveThirtyEight’s CARMELO1Career-Arc Regression Model Estimator with Local Optimization. expects the Celtics to go 48-34. The Knicks signed top comp Robin Lopez to a four-year, $54 million contract this summer, so maybe Boston ought to consider a reasonable extension with Tyler Zeller before the end of October if he fits the team’s future plans.
Ohio State redshirt sophomore running back Mike Weber (25) runs the ball in the first half in the game against Illinois on Nov. 18. Ohio State won 52-14. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorJust about everything that could have gone right for No. 9 Ohio State (9-2, 7-1 Big Ten) went right. The Buckeyes steamrolled Illinois (2-9, 0-8 Big Ten) 52-14 Saturday in Ohio Stadium. This was the final home game for the 19 Ohio State seniors, and the Buckeyes’ final test before traveling on the road to face No. 24 Michigan.5 – Illinois first downs. Ohio State dominated in nearly all facets of the game Saturday, and it showed in the offensive numbers put up by Illinois. The Fighting Illini offense was unable to get anything going all day, and it took until there was just 3:37 left in the second half for Illinois to come up with a first down. All told, the Fighting Illini were able to muster just five first downs in the game. Ohio State’s defense was suffocating, and the inaccuracy of Illinois’ quarterback did not help. Quarterback Chayce Crouch was just 4-for-14 and had five (counting) incomplete passes on third down tries, contributing to the 8 percent third-down conversion rating. The weather also contributed to the struggles of the Fighting Illini, affecting multiple receivers who dropped third-down passes. Though holding the Illini to few first downs, Ohio State’s defensive strength was just as responsible as Illinois’ offensive futility. 18:05 – Time spent by J.T. Barrett under center. On his senior day, quarterback J.T. Barrett spent a total of 18:05 playing quarterback for Ohio State. He was in the game for all of the first quarter, two full drives in the second quarter and two in the third quarter when he was subbed back in for the backups. Ohio State had possession of the ball for 37:16 in the game.Barrett’s final game in the ‘Shoe was exactly how many expected it would be: a blowout victory and early curtain call. The only reason Barrett returned at all for the third quarter was because backup quarterback Dwayne Haskins fumbled the football and saw the defense return it for a touchdown. Barrett then came out, had a three-and-out and then regained possession of the ball when Illinois muffed the punt. It was an early and expected hook for the three-time captain in a blowout as he attempts to stay healthy for Ohio State’s matchup against Michigan. He finished the game going 11-for-19 with 141 passing yards, two touchdowns. He added 33 rushing yards on five carries and a touchdown. 4 – Ohio State rushing touchdowns. Ohio State put up its most impressive rushing display of the season last game against Michigan State with 335 yards on 42 carries and four touchdowns. Though the Buckeyes did not have quite that much success against the Illini, its 325 rushing yards were good for second-most this season and the four rushing touchdowns were tied for the most. While a lot of the rushing yardage came toward the end, when Ohio State was just trying to run out the clock, the rushing touchdowns for Ohio State in the first half were more the product of a team relying on its biggest offensive strength. Redshirt sophomore running back Mike Weber punched in two on the ground in the first quarter, Barrett also had one in the first and freshman running back J.K. Dobbins had one in the second quarter. This was the second consecutive game where even in meaningful minutes, Ohio State relied heavily on its running backs once again for the majority of its offensive production, and the offensive line was able to provide the backs with the space to run. Ohio State seems to have found where its offense has the most success, and heading into a matchup against two of the best rushing defenses in the nation in Michigan and Wisconsin, it will need to hope the offensive line holds up against a pair of potent pass-rushes.55 – Illinois penalty yards. When it rains, it pours. And for Illinois, the rain was just the struggles to keep up with the gap in talent between the two teams. But so often, Ohio State poured it on the Illini by their penalties committed. Illinois had two penalties that resulted in the Ohio State offense receiving a first down, three penalties that pushed its own offense back and two on special teams. When it was all said and done, Illinois had a total of 55 penalty yards on seven penalties. For most of the season, Ohio State has been the team that has been penalized. Ohio State’s 72.2 penalty yards per game were the 10th-most by any team in the nation heading into the game. While the Buckeyes ultimately finished with more penalty yardage (68) and the same number of penalties, Ohio State’s advantage in talent helped minimize the damage felt by its penalties. The lack of discipline by Illinois was not the difference maker in the game, but it certainly did not help an already overmatched Illinois team.100 – Dwayne Haskins all-purpose yards. Ohio State was ahead by so much that it was able to send backup quarterback Dwayne Haskins into the game in the second quarter to get some playing time. And while he could not get anything going during his first two drives and fumbled on his third, he quickly turned things around and finished the game with 100 all-purpose yards, 77 through the air and 23 on the ground.Haskins was just one of three Ohio State quarterbacks to play in the game — he received the second-most playing time — but he still fell just 6 yards shy of surpassing the total yardage of the entire Illinois offense. His performance was far from perfect, but even he was able to lead Ohio State to more offensive success on just his small handful of drives than the Illinois’ offense was able to produce the entire game.
When the board is making their determination, they consider the seriousness of the offense, the offender’s criminal record, adjustment and treatment while incarcerated, and an offender’s future plans. The board also considers the crime’s impact on the victim and the victim’s future safety. Victims and survivors are notified of all discretionary parole hearings. The victim may express feelings and concerns to the Board in writing or testify before the board in person. 629 Discretionary parole hearings were held in 2017, of those 5% were from Wildwood Correctional Facility. Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The total discretionary hearings, prior to Senate Bill 91, were on average around 179 per year. With theimplementation of SB 91 the total amount of parole discretionary hearings more than tripled in 2017. This means that if an inmate has exceeded the court’s mandatory minimum sentence or has served a quarter of their total sentence, they can ask the parole board for release. SB 91 expanded discretionary parole eligibility to all persons who have been sentenced to a term of imprisonment of at least 181 days, except for those convicted of unclassified sex offenses, those serving a mandatory 99-year term for murder in the first degree, those serving less than one year pursuant to a suspended imposition of sentence, or those who have been deemed ineligible by the court. To receive discretionary parole, an offender must complete one-third of his or her sentence and receive the approval of the Parole Board, a five member board that is part of the Department of Corrections. Last year, the Board of Parole released prisoners 57 percent of the time during these hearings, according to the DOC. The vast majority of those eligible for discretionary parole were sentenced on or after January 1, 2017.
WOBURN, MA — The Woburn Business Association, Reading/North Reading Chamber, Wilmington/Tewksbury and Stoneham Chambers recently gathered at Boston Appliance for a Young Professionals networking event. Host and President, Christian Jason graciously entertained over 70 guests in their impressive showroom with a Food Network chef, networking Bingo and amazing raffle prizes.In addition to enjoying a great night of networking, attendees also supported a great cause. NuPath is a Woburn-based non-profit human services agency that helps adults with disabilities lead fulfilling lives in their communities. One of the services that NuPath provides is job training and support. Boston Appliance as well as many other businesses in the area have hired through NuPath and found engaged and enthusiastic employees. Attendees donated $400 to support the important work of NuPath.(NOTE: The above announcement and photo is from the Wilmington-Tewksbury Chamber of Commerce.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedWilmington-Tewksbury Chamber Of Commerce Invites Local Business Owners To Woburn Networking EventIn “Business”Wilmington-Tewksbury Chamber Of Commerce To Co-Host ‘Women In Business’ Event On July 22In “Business”Massachusetts Lottery Eyeing Wilmington As Location For New Regional OfficeIn “Business”
Activists of the youth wing of India’s main opposition Congress party burn a cut-out with an image of billionaire jeweller Nirav Modi.reutersHow the mighty have fallen! Just a few days ago, Nirav Modi was seen calmly strolling on the streets of London sporting a handle-bar moustache and a jacket by Ostrich Hide, said to cost “at least £10,000.” And now, in a turn of events, the fugitive diamantaire is housed in a south-west London jail, which is far from his life of luxury and is, in fact, one of the most crowded prisons in England.Modi was arrested by uniformed officers on March 19, when he had visited a Metro Bank branch in London to open a new account. He was produced before District Judge Marie Mallon on Wednesday, March 20, and during the proceedings, Mallon said that she wasn’t willing to grant Modi bail due to the “high value amount” involved in the case and over the belief that he would “fail to surrender” before the court in case he was set free, reported the Hindu Business Line.Hence, Modi was refused bail and has been remanded to custody at the HMP Wandsworth prison until March 29, and the prison is probably what the diamantaire’s nightmares are made of. While the 48-year-old was said to be living in an upscale three-bedroom £8 million apartment at the Centre Point, a luxury skyscraper, off Tottenham Court Road, he now has Jabir Moti, Dawood Ibrahim’s henchman, as an inmate.Exclusive: Telegraph journalists tracked down Nirav Modi, the billionaire diamond tycoon who is a suspect for the biggest banking fraud in India’s historyhttps://t.co/PpsjGeFEsy pic.twitter.com/v3dN5NotzQ— The Telegraph (@Telegraph) March 8, 2019 The jail is known to house a high number of prisoners — about 1,428 men — due to which even a small cell is shared between at least two inmates. “There were too many prisoners, many with drug-related or mental health issues, and with not enough to do,” noted the inspection report, according to the Press Trust of India.While the UK Justice Department has said that the prison, built in 1851, has been renovated and refurbished since 1989 with better in-cell sanitation, privacy screens for cells and even in-cell electricity, it is evidently not a place Modi is accustomed to. Prisoners here are said to be enduring long hours of confinement and even a lack of basic privacy with poorly screened lavatories.”Cells designed for one prisoner were occupied by two, with poorly screened lavatories and the prisoners confined in them for far too long each day…In common with many other prisons of this type, prisoners at Wandsworth had far too little time out of their cells,” the report added.The fugitive businessman may be in jail now, but he seems to have had quite a few plans to leave London too in case of an emergency. In the last 15 months, he had applied for a citizenship of Vanuatu, an island nation near Australia, sought a permanent residence in Singapore and even discussed the idea of seeking shelter in a third country with top UK law firms, reported the Times of India.Some reports even suggest that Modi was planning to get a plastic surgery to change his appearance and avoid arrest.On the other hand, his uncle Mehul Choksi, also involved in the PNB scam, applied for a citizenship of Antigua and Barbuda in 2017. And when an Interpol notice was issued against him, Choksi filed representations with the international police body alleging that this was all a part of a “politically motivated probe.”
Brokers on Singapore Exchange (SGX) are finding it tough to survive amid falling trading volumes, reflected in the SGX’s drop in revenues and profit for the first quarter, the results of which were declared last week. The inability for traders to recover costs amid low trading activity has even prompted some of them to quit the business altogether.”It is just not worth it. My clients are not interested to trade. Business hasn’t been worse in the past 20 years and I have been through several market crises. Better to call it a day,” an SGX stockbroker told a columnist working for Singapore’s The Straits Times.Another stockbroker rued the S$1-billion threshold that is crucial to recovering costs and making money at the SGX. “Any time when the daily volume falls below $1 billion, I lose money because I can’t cover my fixed costs like rental and salaries for backroom staff. And hitting $1 billion in stock market turnover is now becoming the exception rather than the rule,” he told the columnist.The situation in Singapore is in sharp contrast to Indian stock markets that are witnessing a boom in initial public offerings (IPOs) and listings, in addition to a thriving debt market. Fundraising via IPOs crossed $2.9 billion early this month with more in the pipeline, taking the money raised via public issue to a six-year high.The Singapore Exchange (SGX) posted a 16 percent fall in net profit to S$83 million for the first quarter in FY2017, year-on-year, reflecting lower levels of market activity. The 16-year-old stock exchange had reported a net profit of S$93 million in the corresponding quarter last fiscal.Revenues dropped 13 percent to S$190.8 million from S$219.6 million in the year-ago period, while operating profit came 17 percent lower at S$97.2 million.”Our first quarter performance this year reflects lower levels of market activities, compared with a more volatile market a year earlier,” SGX CEO Loh Boon Chye said in a statement and warned of low trading volumes ahead.”Participants reacting and adjusting to slowing global economic growth, political uncertainties and implications of Brexit on the European economy could result in a period of relatively subdued trading volumes,” he added.
A mild earthquake jolted different parts of Sylhet on Monday morning, reports UNB.The 4.9 magnitude earthquake was felt around 10:53am.The epicentre of the earthquake was Gowhati in Assam, India, said Mahmudul Hasan Sohel, a meteorologist of Sylhet met office.
UConn (1-1) gifted UofL a run on the next batter when the Huskies dropped Zach Britton’s pop up allowing Wyatt to cross the plate. Listen Live After totaling just two runs in Friday’s opener, the Cardinals (1-1) rebounded with a strong offensive showing on Saturday for their first win of the season. The Cardinals added another crooked number to the board in the second started by consecutive singles from Lucas Dunn and Tyler Fitzgerald to lead off the frame. Ethan Stringer brought home Dunn with a groundout to stretch the lead to four, and Britton blew the game open with a long 3-run homer over the wall in right. Next Game: vs. Connecticut 2/17/2019 | 12:30 PM Five different Cardinals had multi-hit days at the plate as part of the 12-hit attack. Wyatt was 2-for-2 with the triple to go along with three walks and three runs scored. Campbell and Dunn were each 2-for-3, while Davis (2-for-4) and Fitzgerald (2-for-5) also had a pair of knocks. Full Schedule Roster Louisville used the long ball again in the third, getting back-to-back blasts from Dunn and Fitzgerald to push the lead out to 10-0 after three innings. LAKELAND, Fla. – The fourth-ranked Louisville baseball team pounded out 12 runs on 12 hits in a 12-2 victory over No. 20 Connecticut on Saturday. The second game of the series was played at Joker Marchant Stadium. Connecticut plated its first run in its half of the third, but the Cardinals responded with their fourth straight multi-run inning to begin the game. Drew Campbell doubled home Wyatt with two away in the fourth and Henry Davis followed with his first career RBI singling home Campbell. Preview The offense got rolling in the very first inning as a hit by pitch and single put runners on the corners with one out. All-American first baseman Logan Wyatt then drove a ball off the wall in right-centerfield to plate both runners are put the Cardinals on the board first. Nick Bennett allowed just two hits over his five innings of work to tally his 14th victory in his Louisville career. The southpaw struck out four and surrendered just two unearned runs on the day. Meanwhile, Bennett settled in on the mound before turning the game over to the bullpen in the sixth. Freshman Jack Perkins had a strong showing in his collegiate debut, notching six strikeouts over three scoreless innings before freshman Garrett Schmeltz closed things out with a scoreless ninth. Live Stats The rubber game of the series is scheduled for Sunday, with first pitch moved up to 12:30 p.m. Print Friendly Version
Story Links Five University of Louisville field hockey players have been chosen to compete in the 2019 U21 Selection Camp. Alli Bitting, Erica Cooper, Meghan Schneider and newcomers Margot Lawn and Minna Tremonti will represent the Cardinals in December at Spooky Nook Sports in Lancaster, Pa.The UofL student-athletes were selected following the 2019 Young Women’s National Championship (YWNC) and National Futures Championship (NFC), presented by Harrow Sports as they continue on the Olympic Development Pathway. Print Friendly Version
Copyright 2012 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. (PhysOrg.com) — In the future according to robotics researchers, robots will likely fight our wars, care for our elderly, babysit our children, and serve and entertain us in a wide variety of situations. But as robotic development continues to grow, one subfield of robotics research is lagging behind other areas: roboethics, or ensuring that robot behavior adheres to certain moral standards. In a new paper that provides a broad overview of ethical behavior in robots, researchers emphasize the importance of being proactive rather than reactive in this area. Citation: How to make ethical robots (2012, March 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-03-ethical-robots.html The authors, Ronald Craig Arkin, Regents’ Professor and Director of the Mobile Robot Laboratory at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, Georgia, along with researchers Patrick Ulam and Alan R. Wagner, have published their overview of moral decision making in autonomous systems in a recent issue of the Proceedings of the IEEE.“Probably at the highest level, the most important message is that people need to start to think and talk about these issues, and some are more pressing than others,” Arkin told PhysOrg.com. “More folks are becoming aware, and the very young machine and robot ethics communities are beginning to grow. They are still in their infancy though, but a new generation of researchers should help provide additional momentum. Hopefully articles such as the one we wrote will help focus attention on that.”The big question, according to the researchers, is how we can ensure that future robotic technology preserves our humanity and our societies’ values. They explain that, while there is no simple answer, a few techniques could be useful for enforcing ethical behavior in robots.One method involves an “ethical governor,” a name inspired by the mechanical governor for the steam engine, which ensured that the powerful engines behaved safely and within predefined bounds of performance. Similarly, an ethical governor would ensure that robot behavior would stay within predefined ethical bounds. For example, for autonomous military robots, these bounds would include principles derived from the Geneva Conventions and other rules of engagement that humans use. Civilian robots would have different sets of bounds specific to their purposes.Since it’s not enough just to know what’s forbidden, the researchers say that autonomous robots must also need emotions to motivate behavior modification. One of the most important emotions for robots to have would be guilt, which a robot would “feel” or produce whenever it violates its ethical constraints imposed by the governor, or when criticized by a human. Philosophers and psychologists consider guilt as a critical motivator of moral behavior, as it leads to behavior modifications based on the consequences of previous actions. The researchers here propose that, when a robot’s guilt value exceeds specified thresholds, the robot’s abilities may be temporarily restricted (for example, military robots might not have access to certain weapons). Explore further Though it may seem surprising at first, the researchers suggest that robots should also have the ability to deceive people – for appropriate reasons and in appropriate ways – in order to be truly ethical. They note that, in the animal world, deception indicates social intelligence and can have benefits under the right circumstances. For instance, search-and-rescue robots may need to deceive in order to calm or gain cooperation from a panicking victim. Robots that care for Alzheimer’s patients may need to deceive in order to administer treatment. In such situations, the use of deception is morally warranted, although teaching robots to act deceitfully and appropriately will be challenging.The final point that the researchers touch on in their overview is ensuring that robots – especially those that care for children and the elderly – respect human dignity, including human autonomy, privacy, identity, and other basic human rights. The researchers note that this issue has been largely overlooked in previous research on robot ethics, which mostly focuses on physical safety. Ensuring that robots respect human dignity will likely require interdisciplinary input.The researchers predict that enforcing ethical behavior in robots will face challenges in many different areas.“In some cases it’s perception, such as discrimination of combatant or non-combatant in the battlespace,” Arkin said. “In other cases, ethical reasoning will require a deeper understanding of human moral reasoning processes, and the difficulty in many domains of defining just what ethical behavior is. There are also cross-cultural differences which need to be accounted for.”An unexpected benefit from developing an ethical advisor for robots is that the advising might assist humans when facing ethically challenging decisions, as well. Computerized ethical advising already exists for law and bioethics, and similar computational machinery might also enhance ethical behavior in human-human relationships.“Perhaps if robots could act as role models in situations where humans have difficulty acting in accord with moral standards, this could positively reinforce ethical behavior in people, but that’s an unproven hypothesis,” Arkin said. Researchers give robots the capability for deceptive behavior RI-MAN, a robot developed by researchers at RIKEN in Japan, was designed for human care. Image credit: RIKEN, Bio-Mimetic Control Research Center More information: Ronald Craig Arkin, et al. “Moral Decision Making in Autonomous Systems: Enforcement, Moral Emotions, Dignity, Trust, and Deception.” Proceedings of the IEEE. Vol. 100, No. 3, March 2012. DOI: 10.1109/JPROC2011.2173265 This document is subject to copyright. 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Footwear can make or break the entire look of your outfit. Before spending on footwear, it is always a wise decision for men to have an insight into the latest ongoing trends, says an expert.Here are a few tips on how to pair the right footwear with different outfits:* Leather boots in classic colours like black, brown and tan are sure to add a charm to your dashing looks when paired with classy leather jackets and overcoats.* Invariably, Oxfords and brogues are gaining wide popularity at workplaces. Oxfords can be the right choice for office meetings when teamed with formal shirts and trousers. On the other hand, get the desired look for cocktail parties by pairing a tuxedo with brogues in unusual tones of olive green, navy blue and burgundy. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf* Casual style and bright colours are a hot favourite amongst the college-goers. So when it comes to casuals, cool and funky colours like red, blue, yellow and mint green are quite in trend these days. For night parties to casual meetings, pair vibrant coloured slip-ons or sneakers with crisp shirt and trousers or chinos.* Loafers are timeless. Ranging from hand painted to suede leather, this style of footwear is for ultra-fashionable men with refined tastes. This range of footwear is smart, a perfect choice for daily wear and are a great match for chinos, jeans or any casual trouser paired with a t-shirt or casual shirts or sweatshirts. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive* Moccasins are more semi-formal as compared to loafers. Therefore, they can be best teamed up with formal trousers and chinos. Pair them with brown chinos and blue jacket for a classic Friday office look. * Experimenting with different styles has been a forte with the youngsters. A variety of different footwear styles are noticed in today’s fashion market. One such style is plimsolls which has recently entered Indian markets and flooded them with its versatility. *Opt for wide-ranging plimsolls and pair them with denims and subtle coloured sweaters. IANS
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